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Showing posts with label Capillary Technologies. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Capillary Technologies. Show all posts

What is lazy property?

Ans : 

When to use lazy initialization is when the initial value for a property is not known until after the object is initialized.

For example, if you have a Person class and a personalizedGreeting property. The personalizedGreeting property can be lazily instantiated after the object is created so it can contain the name of the person.

class Person {      
  var name: String
    
  lazy var personalizedGreeting: String = {
    return "Hello, \(self.name)!"
  }()
    
  init(name: String) {
    self.name = name
  }
}

When you initialize a person, their personal greeting hasn’t been created yet:

let person = Person(name: "John Doe") // person.personalizedGreeting is nil But when you attempt to print out the personalized greeting, it’s calculated on-the-fly:

NSLog(person.personalizedGreeting)

Bonus Tip : You do need to declare your lazy property using the var keyword, not the let keyword, because constants must always have a value before initialization completes.

Benefit of lazy property increase performance in terms of speed.

Explain defer keyword or defer statement in Swift

Ans : Defer block is executed just before return statement or exit of block. Let's have a look to following chunk of code for better understanding

      func defer()  { 
          print("Start") 
          var value: String? 
         defer { 
              if let v = value { 
                   print("Ending execution of \(v)")
              } 
        } 
      value = "defer function" 
      print("End") 
   }

So printing sequence is like following :

Start
End
Ending execution of defer function

So in short defer block will be called lastly in current block. It will be executed in any case like before return, before break, before throw exception. Yes, if exception comes, then also defer block will be called before program crash or going to exception.


Write a program to find missing number of array of 1 to n.

Ans : 


      import Foundation
        
        let arr = [1,2,4,5,8,6,9,7]
        let n = arr.count
        let total = ((n + 1)*(n + 2))/2
        var missingNum = total
        for item in arr {
            missingNum = missingNum - item
        }
        print(missingNum)

Write a program to reverse string in swift

Ans : 

Using Self made function : 

func reverse(_ s: String) -> String {
       var str = ""
       //.String is just like array of characters

       for character in s.characters {
            str = "\(character)" + str
            print ( str)
       }
   return str
}

print (reverse("!pleH"))


Using Swift Direct method : 

Swift 4.0

let str = "abc"

String(str.reversed())

or 

String(str.characters.reversed())